Do Gophers Have Tails? Unveiling Amazing Facts

Gophers are fascinating creatures that inhabit various regions of North America. Among the many questions that people have about these burrowing rodents is whether or not they have tails.

In this article, we will explore the topic of gopher tails in detail and answer the question, “Do Gophers Have Tails?”.

We will examine the anatomy of a gopher’s tail and discuss what makes gopher tails such a unique and multifunctional tool. Additionally, we will delve into how gophers use their tails to communicate with each other and their surroundings.

If you’re curious about the differences between gopher tails and those of other burrowing rodents, such as groundhogs, we’ll cover that too.

By the end of this article, you’ll have a better understanding of gopher tails and the vital role they play in the lives of these fascinating creatures. So, Keep reading!

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Do Gophers Have Tails?

Do Gophers Have Tails?

Gophers do have tails! However, their tails may not be as noticeable or distinctive as those of other rodents. Gopher tails are relatively short and inconspicuous, often blending in with the rest of their bodies.

They are not the prominent feature that immediately catches your eye. Gopher tails can be quite subtle and easily overlooked if you’re not specifically paying attention.

So, if you happen to spot a gopher scurrying about, take a closer look and you’ll notice its modest tail trailing behind.

While it may not be the first thing that comes to mind when you think of gophers, their tails are indeed a part of their anatomy.

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What Does a Gopher Tail Look Like

Gopher tails are short, measuring about 2.5-5 cm (1-2 in) in length. They are not long and fluffy like some other animals’ tails. Instead, they are more modest in size and shape.

What Does a Gopher Look Like? (Critter Control)

Gopher’s tails are covered in soft fur that is pliable to the touch. The amount of hair on their tails can differ depending on the gopher species.

Some gophers have tails with sparse hair, while others may have almost hairless tails.

When it comes to color, gopher tails usually match the fur color of their bodies. Most gophers have fur in shades of gray or brown, and their tails blend in with this coloration. This helps them hide and stay safe from predators.

How Do Gophers Use Their Tails?

Gophers use their tails for many important things, even though they are not very flashy. Here are ways they use their tails.

Gophers Tails | How Do Gophers Use Their Tails?

Balance and Stability

  • One primary way gophers use their tails is for balance and stability.
  • As these rodents dig intricate tunnel systems underground, their tails help them maintain equilibrium.
  • The tail acts as a counterbalance, allowing gophers to navigate through narrow tunnels and stay steady while tunneling through the soil.
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  • Gopher tails also assist in navigation
  • When gophers retreat into their burrows, they rely on their tails to help them find their way back to the main tunnels.
  • Gopher tails serve as a sensory mechanism, and these small rodents can move backward almost as quickly as they can move forwards.
  • The tail acts as a tactile guide, allowing gophers to feel their way through the maze-like network of tunnels and avoid getting lost in the darkness underground.
Gopher Digging a Hole (Greg Thorsen)


  • Besides their characteristic teeth-clacking sounds, gophers can convey messages to other members of their colony through tail movements.
  • By positioning their tails in different ways or twitching them, gophers can communicate various signals.
  • These signals serve as a silent language that conveys important information to other gophers.
  • They can express warnings to alert others of potential dangers, mark territorial boundaries to prevent conflicts, or even display courtship behaviors to attract potential mates.


  • Gopher tails aid in ventilation within their underground burrows.
  • Gophers construct elaborate tunnel systems that require proper airflow to ensure oxygen circulation.
  • Their tails help facilitate air movement by creating a slight breeze as gophers move through the tunnels, preventing stagnant air and maintaining a fresh environment.
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The Anatomy of a Gopher Tail

The tail of a gopher is made up of a series of small bones called vertebrae. These vertebrae provide flexibility and allow the gopher to move and maneuver in confined spaces.

Pocket Gopher (MyFWC Florida Fish and Wildlife)

The number of vertebrae in a gopher’s tail can vary, but typically ranges from 10 to 20, depending on the species.

The vertebrae of a gopher’s tail are connected by joints, enabling the tail to bend and twist as needed.

This flexibility is particularly important when gophers are burrowing through the soil or navigating complex underground tunnels.

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Gopher vs. Groundhog Tail

Gophers and groundhogs are both burrowing rodents that are known for their digging abilities.

Gophers Tails | Gopher vs. Groundhog.

While they share some similarities in appearance, such as their small size and round bodies, there are also some key differences between these two animals, including their tails.

Gopher Tail

  • Small and weak
    • Gopher tails are smaller and not as strong as groundhog tails.
  • Sparsely-haired or hairless
    • Gopher tails often have sparse hair or may even be completely hairless, making them more exposed.
  • Resembles a rat’s tail
    • Gopher tails look like the tails of rats.

Groundhog Tail

  • Thicker and bushier
    • Groundhog tails are notably thicker and bushier than those of gophers.
  • Groundhog tails are covered in fur, which makes them appear fluffier and more voluminous than gopher tails.
  • Compared to gophers, groundhog tails are shorter and wider in comparison.
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While gophers and groundhogs may share some similarities in appearance, their tails are a clear example of how these animals have evolved to adapt to different environments and lifestyles.

Do Gophers Regrow Tails?

Some animals have the remarkable ability to regrow lost body parts, such as tails. However, gophers are not one of these animals.

Unlike lizards or starfish, gophers cannot regrow their tails once they are lost due to injury or predation. This means that the tail loss is permanent, and the gopher will continue living without it.

While gophers have other impressive abilities, such as their excellent burrowing skills and efficient tunnel systems, they cannot regenerate their tails.

Their focus is on other ways to survive in their underground habitats.

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Final Thoughts

Gophers do have tails that are important for their survival. Gopher tails are relatively short and may be sparsely-haired or even hairless. They help gophers navigate through their underground tunnels and communicate with other gophers.

Gophers use their tails for balance and support while digging, and also for signaling to other gophers in their communities.

Although gophers cannot regrow their tails once they are lost, they have other remarkable adaptations that enable them to continue thriving in their underground habitats.

By understanding the function and appearance of gopher tails, we can gain a better appreciation for these fascinating creatures and the unique ways in which they have adapted to their environments.


Do gophers have long or short tails?

Gophers have short tails, typically measuring about 2.5-5 cm (1-2 in) in length.

Are gopher tails prehensile?

While gopher tails may have some sensitivity to touch, they are not highly specialized for tactile perception.

Do gophers use their tails for defense?

Gophers do not primarily rely on their tails for defense. Instead, they use their strong front teeth and claws for protection.

Are gopher tails used for mating rituals?

Gopher tails are not specifically used for mating rituals. Gophers have other behaviors and vocalizations to communicate their readiness for mating.

Resources – (for further reading)

JSTOR – Gopher Tales: A Study in Western Canadian Pest Control

North Dakota State University – Gopher Tails

I'm Ernest M Noah, the founder of I have years of experience as an exterminator in Texas and Idaho, and I'm passionate about educating people on how to deal with pest problems effectively and safely.